Energy Efficient K-means++ algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks

Madhumita Kumari, Alok Gupta, Deepak Goyal, Pankaj Gupta, Monika Goyal

Abstract


The main mission of sensor networks is to periodically gather data from a remote terrain where each node continually senses the environment and sends back the data to the base station (BS) for further analysis; the BS is normally found extensively a long way from the objective zone. The most restrictive factor in the lifetime of wireless sensor network is limited energy resource of the deployed sensor nodes. Because the sensor nodes carry limited and generally irreplaceable power source, the protocols designed for the wireless sensor networks must take the issue of energy efficiency into consideration. Also, the network protocol should take care of other issues such as self configuration, fault tolerance, and delay . Another important criterion in the design of a sensor network is data delivery time since it is critical in many applications including battlefield and medical/security monitoring system.

Keywords


WSN, Clustering , Energy Efficiency, K-means, K-means++

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